The fallacy of replacing septic tanks with water treatment plants

first_imgDear Editor,An article which appeared in the news media recently reported on the deliberations of the Wastewater Conference held at the head office of the Guyana Water Incorporated (GWI). At that meeting, junior Minister of Communities, Dawn Hastings-Williams, stated that future housing schemes in Guyana would have centrally installed water treatment plants, instead of septic tanks for individual premises. The objective for this proposed upgrade, as claimed, is to address the growing threat of water pollution.Dr. Van West Charles, GWI’s Managing Director, in his presentation to the Conference, was non-committal with respect to the introduction of central treatment of wastewater from homes, as opposed to septic tanks, as is presently the widespread practice in Guyana. He correctly noted that many of the installed septic tanks are not performing as intended because of poor design and construction, and stated that his staff was preparing designs for efficiently-operated septic tanks; and where possible, their replacement with the best water treatment plant option available will be examined.Unfortunately, he failed to recognise that soak-away pits are necessary accessories for the efficient operation of septic tanks, and that there is urgent need for countrywide regulatory oversight of septic tanks’ system design and construction.Water/sewage treatment plants are expensive to construct, operate and maintain, and Guyana does not have the resources to introduce this system for waste disposal from its populated areas anytime soon. Because of the lack of finance, Georgetown does not have a central treatment plant, and its wastewater is pumped directly into the Atlantic Ocean. Therefore, well-designed septic tanks with soak away pits will have to be the modus operandi to treat wastewater/sewage from human activities in Guyana for the foreseeable future. Where applicable, industries generating toxic wastes should install in-house treatment facilities in accordance with WHO Standards.It is worth noting that many homes in the United States and elsewhere still rely on septic tank systems for their wastewater treatment. Contrary to the claim made by GWI Sanitation Manager Joseph, wastewater sludge generated by any proposed Guyanese treatment facility will be uneconomic for conversion into fertiliser for the agricultural sector and/or to harness its chemical energy to generate electricity for the National Grid. New York City pays to dump its wastewater sludge onto landfills and in the Atlantic Ocean, as there are no markets available for it as a fertiliser for agricultural crops, or to harness its chemical energy to generate electricity.Ms Hasting-Williams and Dr Van West Charles no doubt have ambitious ideas to deal with the treatment of wastewater before it becomes a major health issue. However, they have failed to comprehend that contaminated drinking water poses a far greater danger to the health of all Guyanese.Therefore, they should direct their energies and limited Government resources at their disposal to provide safe and reliable drinking (potable) water for all the people. This is not the case presently, as much of the water produced is distributed untreated and unfiltered.Yours truly,Charles Sohanlast_img read more

Mulroy Woods enjoying major success this awards season

first_imgExcitement is at an all time high at Mulroy Woods Hotel as they sweep the board in Irish Hotel Award nominations. Not only that, but the Milford hotel has picked up three of the most coveted titles in the travel industry in recent weeks. The Upcoming 2019 Irish Hotel Awards have revealed that Mulroy Woods is in the running for four accolades: Wedding Hotel of the YearRomantic Hotel of the Year3 Star Hotel of the YearHotel Bar of the YearOwner Patricia Kelly told Donegal Daily: “I am blown away that the hotel has been shortlisted in four different categories for these prestigious awards. The Irish Hotel Awards is a stalwart within the hospitality industry and to be shortlisted in so many categories, is in itself a great honour.” Patricia continued: “It is a true reflection on the whole team here at Mulroy Woods. These shortlists come on the back of having been mystery shopped by the Irish Hotel Awards, the inspectors stayed and sampled the food here in the hotel and experienced first-hand the level of customer care and service we deliver.”In the past two weeks, Mulroy Woods have also received their very first TripAdvisor Traveller’s Choice Award,’s Guest Review Award and Failte Ireland Service Excellence Certification.The Mulroy Woods Team celebrate awards seasonPatricia said: “As we head into our busiest season yet, the momentum Mulroy Woods has at the moment is electric. Over the past four years the property has been upgraded throughout, with the renovations currently underway on the main banqueting suite, which can host up to 500 people for weddings, parties and dances. “The hotel is going from strength to strength. The team is excited and eager to begin the summer season. It is wonderful for all the staff to get the appreciation and acknowledgement for all their hard work. Our staff are the most important part of our business and these awards are down to their hard work and dedication.”For events and special offers visit www.mulroywoodshotel.comMulroy Woods enjoying major success this awards season was last modified: February 26th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:hotelirish hotel awardsMilfordmulroy woodslast_img read more

Dispatches from #SHRM14 Day Two: Keynotes, Conversations & Cultural Sensitivity?

first_imgThe second day of large conferences has always been my favorite day. Everything is still fresh and new, the speakers are excited, and the attendees are excited… well let me rephrase that, the attendees are excited until they realize that their next session is across the convention center.Day two here at #SHRM14 was another excellent day. One of the more innovative things that I’ve seen this year is the programming in the “Connection Zone”. While this idea and iteration is not new (the last two conferences in Atlanta and Chicago had “The Hive”) it’s great to see and hear some fresh voices and ideas and to see individuals get some stage time.Finally, I’m trying to get over a quote that Tuesday’s Keynote speaker Mr. Thomas Friedman. His quote got reworked to be a bit more “twitter friendly” and it didn’t sit well with me. His original quote “Think like a new immigrant; stay hungry” is innocuous when read in its original form. The quote that’s causing me angst is the one that’s being passed around it is simply “Think like an immigrant”Let’s pretend we’re not in a state where immigration is a pretty big deal, hell let’s pretend we’re not at an HR conference (with international attendees), can someone share with me just how “immigrant’s” think? Do they think different? How do I know if someone is an immigrant? Do they have a….. See what I mean? See how ridiculous and culturally insensitive the quote appears.It’s hard to hear quotes like “HR must exercise expertise and influence” at the conference and see an internet meme that starts with the line “Think Like an Immigrant” .Let’s see if we can “Transform” our thinking to something a bit more culturally sensitive…To read the original blog post, please click here.last_img read more

I Would Not Feel So All Alone, Everybody Must Get Phoned

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Analysis#web josh catone 1 Apple obviously already has a phone. Microsoft has been rumored to be making one. So has Yahoo!. And, of course, the Google phone is supposedly just around the corner. You’re not cool if you’re not rumored to be working on a phone.It’s clear that companies realize the mobile market is big and getting bigger. So where are the eBay phone rumors? Barring Apple, which is a proven gadget company, I think a phone from eBay might make more sense than phones from any of them.Of course, eBay is not a gadget company, and eBay does not make a mobile operating system (like Microsoft), or control a lot of mobile information services (like Google and Yahoo!). What eBay does own, however, are PayPal and Skype — both of which are very well suited for the mobile world. Over the weekend, Google published a patent filed in February 2006 for a mobile payment system called GPay. Duncan Riley theorized that GPay could well be the killer app for a Google phone, and would catapult them ahead of competition. “Whilst it‚Äôs certainly possible that the GPay Mobile payments system could well be platform independent,” he wrote, “given the very strong indication that Google is preparing to launch a mobile phone, GPay could end up as an exclusive GPhone offering, one that gives Google the jump over other mobile operators by enabling mobile payments natively from the handset.”What sort of competition? Well, eBay’s PayPal, for one, which launched its mobile payments service in March. As Duncan Riley notes, Google would have an advantage over PayPal by being able embed their service directly on the Google phone. Mobile payments have been huge in Japan for years, and are just catching on in Europe, but have not yet really made a splash stateside. If Google and eBay were to lock horns, however, one could expect that to change.But leaning on their mobile payments service isn’t the only reason eBay should think about creating a phone (or working closely with handset makers on new phones), the other is Skype. Third party providers like JahJah and Talkety have brought VOIP to the iPhone with specially designed web services, but neither is offered natively, so they still require that you log into the service before making a call. An eBay phone could have Skype built in, and switch to it automatically when using wifi. Skype already works with a bunch of phone makers on wifi phones, so building the capability onto a mobile phone isn’t much of a leap.ConclusionSo does it make sense for an eBay phone? Sure. As much as it makes sense for a Google phone, or a Yahoo! phone, or a Microsoft phone. Part of me thinks that these companies should stick to what they do best: software and services, and leave the phones up to the phone makers. But even if it is too early to tell if Apple’s iPhone will be a long term financial success (my guess is it will be), it has certainly raised the mindshare of the company over the past year with almost non-stop press coverage, so it is harder to argue that a phone is necessarily a bad idea.I doubt that a phone is coming from eBay, but a phone from a third-party manufacturer that ties directly with PayPal’s mobile service and Skype seems like something that is too obvious not to happen. Then again, with the recent Skype and PayPal outages, maybe eBay isn’t who we want running our mobile lives.Who do you think should make a phone? Or are you just sick of all this mobile phone talk? Leave a comment below with your thoughts.1000 mobile phones picture from Gaetan Lee.center_img Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

AOL Quietly Launches One of the World’s Biggest App Platforms

first_imgmarshall kirkpatrick A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts center_img Tags:#Features#news#NYT#web AOL announced the new developer site for MyAOL today to almost no fanfare, but at a time when some are declaring the Facebook platform “dead” – AOL’s new platform warrants some serious attention.The new MyAOL platform is an OpenSocial container based on the gadgets.*API, meaning developers shouldn’t have to do much to get their widgets up and running on it. A fair number of MyAOL gadgets already have millions of users, so the new developer site seems like a real opportunity.The Widget-o-sphereThe new MyAOL platform enters the game at a complicated time. Widgets, little modules of content and functionality easily embedded into websites but built by 3rd parties, were supposed to be the future of the web, according to some advocates in recent years. The Facebook Platform was heralded as the widget Holy Land, but key site design decisions treated widgets poorly from the start and subsequent Facebook redesigns have banished them to near invisibility. Defenders of the platform argue that the redesigned site just keeps really stupid apps from proliferating, making it all the more important to build widgets for actual utility. Scott Rafer, the genuinely brilliant if cynical co-founder of widget ad company Lookery, says the new Facebook is dead to him as a widget man. As a bulk-ad sales guy, Rafer’s company deals in very large part with really stupid widget apps. So it goes. If your platform isn’t supportive of stupid widgets, then your platform essentially doesn’t support widgets at all. MyAOL is BigMyAOL is a good old fashioned startpage. An increasing number of AOL properties have recently started incorporating 3rd party content and moving towards a strategy of openness. AOL has a bad rap but is doing some innovative things.The company’s new platform gives third party developers access to a large group of users. How big is the AOL platform? 10 million people have installed the AOL Weather widget, 6 million have installed the news app and there are 1 million AOL Pandora users. Those are very respectable numbers! In fact, they are much higher than almost all of the Facebook app numbers, though Facebook only exposes “active users.” The point is, it’s a strange time for the much-hyped widget but the opening of the MyAOL platform represents a good opportunity. In Firefox on my Mac the site doesn’t work very well, but it works well enough for millions of people. Widgets remain a promising paradigm, if only the host sites are truly comfortable promoting widget use for the long term, instead of burying 3rd party widgets and renewing their focus on in-house links. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Ladies Learning Code Team Aims to Fix Programmer Education – One City at a Time

first_imgRelated Posts Heather Payne wanted to learn to code. She worked in marketing for a large company and wanted to learn to make websites on her own, but she didn’t have any support network: No developer friends to give her advice on what language to use. No one to recommend specific books or tutorials. No one to ask for help along the way. So she gave up.Then during a business trip to Los Angeles in 2011, she stumbled onto a PyLadies workshop on the Python programming language. “It was such a supportive atmosphere,” Payne says. “I always felt dumb asking questions at other places, but at PyLadies, you can ask any question you want and no one makes you feel stupid.”When Payne returned home to Toronto, she tweeted about her experience at PyLadies and suggested that Toronto needed a similar workshop series. The idea had legs: She received a flood of retweets, and more than 80 people showed up at the first planning meeting – including several developers willing to teach classes. Thus Ladies Learning Code was born.The project was immensely successful: The monthly workshops filled up so fast, the organizers had to start offering classes twice monthly. Almost 2,000 women have completed Ladies Learn Code workshops, and more than 400 developers have signed up for the volunteer mailing list. Payne says there’s never been a shortage of volunteer teachers. “There’s not that many ways for developers to give back to the community that take advantage of their skills but aren’t just unpaid freelance work,” Payne explains. “A lot of people jump at the chance to do something like this.”Enroll in HackerYouNow Payne, along with Breanna Hughes, Laura Plant and Melissa Crnic – the other three women behind the nonprofit Ladies Learning Code – are starting HackerYou, a for-profit company that will teach classes on design and development. Payne says that although Ladies Learn Code has been self-funding, it’s not enough to turn the project into a full-time job for any of HackerYou’s founders. In order to take the project to a the next level, and keep paying the rent, they had to start a for-profit company. HackerYou will bring the same model used by Ladies Learning Code to its students, and all of its teachers have experience as volunteers for the nonprofit. HackerYou is guaranteeing a 10:1 student to teacher ratio, and is making project-based learning the core of its curriculum. But instead of single-day workshops, which Ladies Learning Code will continue to offer, HackerYou will offer ongoing courses. And while Ladies Learning Code has always allowed men to participate, the new company is expressly open to men. The first course will focus on Web development and will convene in Toronto, but Payne says the team plans to offer courses in other cities, both in Canada and the United States.A university alternativeAs to the need of a private alternative to the university system, Payne points to a survey finding high demand for software developers from startups. A paper presented at the European Conference on Information Systems in 2009 confirms the need for information technology workers, even in a down economy.Still, a 2008 study found that enrollment in university computer science programs in all but one Canadian region was actually down between 36% and 64% from its peak in 2002.Computer science education has its issues in the U.S., as well. The University of Florida planned to cut its computer science department, and though the most drastic version of that plan has since been withdrawn, students and faculty are still fight to save the department.Regardless of what you think of the merits of universal code literacy, HackerYou and similar programs in other cities – such as Code Academy in Chicago, General Assembly in New York City and Dev Bootcamp in San Francisco – have an opportunity to help close the talent gap.A talent gap – and a gender gapBut Payne thinks HackerYou also has an advantage in being able to close the gender gap. The European Conference on Information Systems paper notes that women are tremendously under represented in the IT industry, and as ReadWriteWeb has pointed out, this gap starts in education. Payne thinks the fact that the company’s founders are women, along with the collective experience they bring to the table from Ladies Learning Code, will help HackerYou reach a 50/50 gender split – a ratio unheard of in male-dominated university computer science programs.(If you want to learn code and don’t live near of the cities mentioned above, you can check out services such as Codecademy, as well as the wealth of free e-books on programming available on the Web.)Photo by Jon Lim. Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid Tags:#hack#hacking How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees?center_img klint finley 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Why You Love Online Quizzeslast_img read more

Late Ott goal rescues point for Azkals

first_imgTawfik Ali put Yemen in front with an opportunistic strike in the 63rd minute after the Azkals failed to clear a corner.With a second straight draw against the Yemenis, the Azkals improved to eight points, two ahead of Tajikistan and Yemen.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe Tajiks are ahead of Yemen on goal difference after beating Nepal, 3-0, in Dushanbe for their second straight winWhile the result didn’t clinch the Azkals an Asian Cup berth, it could ultimately prove crucial as the Filipinos next face Nepal in Kathmandu on Nov. 14.A victory in the Nepalese capital will seal qualification for the Azkals with a game to spare as Yemen will still play Tajikistan in Dushanbe. View comments Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ As proven in last month’s 2-2 draw in Bacolod, the Yemenis were always quick to punish the Azkals for their mistakes.And it was an error from Dennis Villanueva that nearly handed the Yemenis the lead four minutes before the break.Villanueva sent his pass out of defense straight at Ala Al-Sasi who took a first time shot from 25 yards only to be denied by the crossbar. The follow up from Al-Matari was weak with Neil Etheridge quick to collect.The Azkals opened the second half with another half chance, but the ball from Ott to Younghusband inside the area was a tad too heavy.The woodwork rescued the Azkals for the second time in the 56th minute when Nabil Hazaea found space in the area and had Etheridge beaten. Two minutes later, Kane had to clear Ali’s header off a corner kick off the line.Yemen finally got its reward just three minutes after the hour mark when Ali poked the ball home after the ball ricocheted off Mulders inside the area.Needing a response, the Azkals quickly brought more men forward with little effect until substitute Junior Muñoz showed grit and determination as he marauded down the right and cut the ball back for Younghusband who took a touch for Mulders.Mike Ott did a fine job staying onside before showing composure to finish as the Azkals summoned their never-say-die spirit to inch closer to a first Asian Cup appearance in 2019. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims LATEST STORIES FILE PHOTO – Mike Ott. Photo by tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMike Ott struck in the 89th minute as the Philippines salvaged a 1-1 draw with Yemen early Wednesday to stay on top of Group F of AFC Asian Cup Qualifying at Al Wakrah Stadium in Doha, Qatar.The Azkals struggled to break down the Yemenis for most of the match until Ott, who plays for Angthong United in the Thai first division, got on the end of a clever ball from Paul Mulders and beat Mohammad Ayash at his near post for the equalizer.ADVERTISEMENT Trump to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim With four regular starters out due to injuries, Azkals coach Thomas Dooley was forced to improvise with his lineup.JPV Marikina defender Sean Kane was a surprise starter at central defense in his Azkals debut, while Davao Aguilas’ Simone Rota returned from injury and Daisuke Sato regained his leftback spot.Manny Ott’s absence meant Pika Minegishi was deployed up front with Phil Younghusband placed in an advanced role at midfield.The Azkals came out with more energy and vigor in the opening exchanges but the Yemenis’ speed on attack always posed a threat.Mike Ott forced a corner in the second minute with a deflected effort off a pass from Phil Younghusband.But other than that early opportunity, the Azkals were left wanting in the final third.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Argentine bishop appears at court hearing on abuse charges Winter storm threatens to scramble Thanksgiving travel plans Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Jordan delivers on promise: 2 Cobra choppers now in PH Folayang, Nguyen set friendship aside for ONE lightweight title bout Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. No more menthol cigarettes: New ban on tobacco, vape flavorslast_img read more

Increase in Deaths Caused By Non-Communicable Diseases

first_imgMinister of Health, Honourable Dr. Fenton Ferguson, says that over half of Jamaica’s deaths are caused by non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries, a situation that is threatening the country’s economic and social development. In explaining the impact of the shift in Jamaica’s morbidity profile, the Health Minister, said these illnesses cost much more to treat, with punishing results for the victims and their families.  He stated that NCDs are responsible for 56 per cent of Jamaican deaths, of which 20 per cent are caused by cancers. Dr. Ferguson made the disclosure while delivering the opening address on Friday January 25, at the 11th Annual Caribbean Neurosciences Symposium and Workshop, being held at the Montego Bay Convention Centre.  The event takes place from January 24 to 27. “Chronic non-communicable diseases alone cost the Ministry of Health over US$170 million to treat annually, and while the ministry is committed to providing the level of care required, there is a serious disparity in terms of the opportunity cost of treating these avoidable illnesses and their complications,” he stated. Quoting statistics which shows the growing scale of the increase in non-communicable diseases in the country between the year 2000 and 2008, Dr. Ferguson equated non-communicable diseases to poverty, adding that they both create a vicious cycle. He informed that surveys have shown that men and women are affected differently by the risk factors associated with non-communicable diseases. “NCDs cost throw persons into poverty, who are just on the edge, and now impacts significantly on all levels of health services, health care cost and the health workforce, as well as national productivity in both emerging and established economies,” he stated. The Health Minister added that there are “a host of other debilitating economic effects of NCDs, which includes the effects of premature mortality, which reduces the labour supply and productivity and weakens the return on investments in human capital such as education”. He stated that it will take a concerted effort from government and the society to put policies in place to solve the problems caused by the NCDs in a cost effective way.last_img read more

Registered Private Security Companies Must Deduct Health Insurance Money

first_img What the PSRA has done, in the interim, is set up an account for guards to deposit their payments. Story Highlights Effective October 1, 2017, it will be mandatory for the more-than-300 registered private security companies to make salary deductions on behalf of security guards in their employ, to facilitate the self-contributory health insurance scheme that was announced in November 2016. Effective October 1, 2017, it will be mandatory for the more-than-300 registered private security companies to make salary deductions on behalf of security guards in their employ, to facilitate the self-contributory health insurance scheme that was announced in November 2016.Executive Director of the Private Security Regulation Authority (PSRA), Rosalyn Monteith Campbell, explained to JIS News that this became necessary because, of the approximately 4,000 guards who have registered under the scheme, only 402 have been fully paid up to allow the insurance to commence.According to Mrs. Monteith Campbell, the scheme, which was launched eight months ago and was scheduled to become effective in April 2017, only got off the ground in July.“The PSRA has been facilitating the process, while we try to work with the companies generally to do the salary deductions to allow for the constant payment to ensure that the scheme is viable; however, this has been a difficulty,” she said.Therefore, the decision has been taken by the Board of Directors of the PSRA, and mandated by Government, that salary deductions in relation to the health insurance for the private security industry, specifically the security guards, will be mandatory.What this means is that when security companies go to renew their licences, and new companies are registering for the first time, they will be required to provide proof that all the security guards within their employment have health insurance.“They need to provide that proof in order for their licence to operate to be renewed, or for new companies to be registered,” Mrs. Monteith Campbell said.She pointed out that the guards have expressed that they want the monies to be deducted from their salary, but the companies have been reluctant to support the process.What the PSRA has done, in the interim, is set up an account for guards to deposit their payments.“Also, the PSRA has been collecting money at our office to facilitate the start-up of the process. This is not practical, and it is also an administratively uncomfortable situation for us to handle,” Mrs. Monteith Campbell said.She explained that most of the companies treat their guards as contract workers, and so they are afraid of the process, which got worse when the tax arrangements were announced by the Government.The tax arrangements are related to a contributory scheme, with employer and employee making a contribution. This is 100 per cent self-contributory by the beneficiary. Therefore, security companies are being assured that there will be no general consumption tax (GCT) liability, by virtue of the fact they will be deducting on behalf of their employees.The PSRA is a statutory body under the Ministry of National Security charged with the responsibility to monitor and regulate all stakeholders in the private security Industry. The PSRA is a statutory body under the Ministry of National Security charged with the responsibility to monitor and regulate all stakeholders in the private security Industry.last_img read more

Rajiv Gandhi assassination convict back in prison

first_imgChennai: S. Nalini, one of the seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case, was back in prison after her 51-day parole came to an end. She returned to the Vellore Central Prison on Sunday evening. The Madras High Court on September 12 declined to extend her parole. She had sought an extension till October 15 to complete the marriage arrangements for her daughter. On August 22, the court had extended her parole by three weeks. On July 25, Nalini was released on a one-month parole. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’ The Madras High Court had on July 5 granted a one-month parole to Nalini on her plea for a six-month parole. It had stipulated that Nalini would not meet politicians and the media during this period. Nalini had argued her case in person. In her plea, she said that every life-convict was entitled to a one-month ordinary leave after completing two years in prison and that she had not taken leave even once in the past 27 years in jail. Six others convicted in the case are her husband V. Sriharan alias Murugan, A.G. Perarivalan, T. Suthendraraja alias Santhan, Jayakumar, Robert Payas and Ravichandran. They have been in prison since 1991. A female Tamil Tiger suicide bomber blew herself up at an election rally near Chennai killing the former Prime Minister.last_img read more