Liverpool sign Manquillo from Atletico Madrid

first_imgLiverpool have completed the signing of Atletico Madrid’s exciting young right-back Javier Manquillo on a two-season loan. CEST The 20-year-old played understudy to Juanfran at the la Liga champions last season and will provide competition for Glen Johnson at Anfield. Sam Marsden Manquillo is Brendan Rodgers’ seventh summer signing, following Rickie Lambert, Adam Lallana, Emre Can, Lazar Markovic, Dejan Lovren and Divock Origi to the Premier League club. “I’m very happy to have signed for Liverpool,” Manquillo, a Spain U-20 international, said.center_img Upd. at 20:48 “I think it’s one of the biggest clubs in Europe. Any footballer would want to come and play here.” 06/08/2014 He originally played for Real Madrid, before swapping clubs in the Spanish capital at the age of 13 – he made his debut for Atleti when he was just 17.last_img read more

Bryan Robson urges United to up their spending game to be as good as…

first_imgAdvertisement 4xmpNBA Finals | Brooklyn VsssvyWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre Eu1( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) imzt66Would you ever consider trying this?😱g2Can your students do this? 🌚9lRoller skating! Powered by Firework Manchester United legend Bryan Robson has issued a transfer demand to his former club’s present manager Jose Mourinho and recruitment in-charge Ed Woodward, and urges them to spend more in the market if they wish to match the likes of their neighbors Manchester City.Advertisement The most recent Manchester derby saw Pep Guardiola’s City outclassing Mourinho’s United by several miles at the Etihad Stadium on Sunday’s 3-1 victory of the hosts over the visitors. Not only did City boast of brilliant goals, including the impressive 44-pass move for the third one, but also of the star studded lineup of world class players, in front of whom United’s most recent of signings counted for naught, amidst Pogba’s absence on the field due to an injury sustained in their Juventus game.Following the shocking match, Bryan Robson feels the officials at the United camp should recruit more players in order for his former team to match the caliber of City, who are clearly among the favorites to win the Premier League this season as well.Advertisement “Manchester United have to really improve their recruitment,” Robson said. “Though the gap between them and Manchester City seems large, I still believe two or three excellent additions will make them competitive. The club can still attract players but they will have to match the spending of City to give Jose Mourinho a better chance. Then it’s up to Jose to deliver a title-chasing squad and I still believe he is the man who can take them forward”, he went to say.United are currently 12 points adrift of table leaders City, and will head into a couple of weeks worth of the international break.Advertisement Advertisementlast_img read more

Conor Melody commits to Galway United for 2020

first_imgThe speedy winger enjoyed one of his best seasons in a United shirt, scoring 4 goals in 28 appearances for the Tribesmen to really establish himself as a feature in the starting eleven. The 22-year-old joined Galway United in 2015 and he has gone on to make over 100 appearances for the Eamonn Deacy Park club.The dynamic attacker spent most of the season playing as a winger, but he displayed his adaptability when Alan Murphy pushed him further forward and Melody’s move to the number nine position coincided with United’s strong finish to the season.Melody’s bullet header against Cork City in the FAI Cup sent Alan Murphy’s side into the Quarter-Final and he helped the club finish the season strongly.Melody acknowledges that Galway United need to build on 2019 now.“I’m delighted to be back. I felt towards the end of the season, we really pulled together and showed what we’re about in the last few games,” Melody explained to“I was enjoying playing on the wing, but when I was played through the middle, it was a different challenge for me, but it was one that I embraced. I tried to learn how to play the position as quickly as I could.“Going forward as a club, we have to try and carry that end of season form and momentum through to 2020. We need to hit the ground running because that’s going to be very important for us going forward. We’re really looking to push on next season and maybe surprise a few people.”Melody excelled as both a winger and a striker at Eamonn Deacy Park in 2019 and Galway United manager Alan Murphy expects him to have another big season for the club next year.“2019 was probably Conor Melody’s best year in a Galway United shirt. He really got a good run of games in a consistent position, be that as a right-sided player or when he played up top. He flourished with the confidence flowing through him and he really had a good year for us.“In pre-season Conor struggled with a knee injury and he probably didn’t hit the ground running for two months, when you consider that, he’s had a really good few months after that. We changed his position to the number nine role and he really showed his worth in the Cup games and finished the season strongly.“I’ve known Conor and coached him for many years now since his schoolboy days, so I’m familiar with his attributes and the application and effort that he gives. I don’t expect any less from him next year and I expect it to be another big season for Conor.” Conor Melody becomes the latest player to commit to Galway United for the 2020 SSE Airtricity League season.center_img print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Emaillast_img read more

Goldberg and Lesnar set at Survivor Series

first_imgTeam ‘Trabaho’ scores championship title at the last leg of Smart Siklab Saya Manila EDITORS’ PICK They then went on separate ways, with Lesnar making an ill-fated run with the Minneapolis Vikings in the NFL before venturing to mixed martial arts in UFC. He returned to the WWE on 2013, where he ended The Undertaker’s Wrestlemania streak.Goldberg, meanwhile, went on to appear on numerous films while also doing commentary work for some other MMA promotions.The rematch between the WCW icon and the Beast Incarnate is just the latest in what appears to be a loaded Toronto card.Raw and SmackDown Live will battle for brand supremacy as SmackDown commissioner Shane McMahon and general manager Daniel Bryan challenged their counterparts to three traditional Survivor Series elimination matches where they will pit both shows’ five best male, best female, and best tag teams against each other in three separate duels.ADVERTISEMENT BREAKING: Solicitor General asks SC to forfeit ABS CBN’s franchise Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. WWE’s Twitter account broke the news on Tuesday (Wednesday Manila time).Paul Heyman, Lesnar’s advocate, took exception of the former WCW World Heavyweight Champion’s comments on SportsCenter and issued a challenge to him in behalf of his Beast three weeks back in Oakland.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra teammates show love for SlaughterSPORTSWe are youngSPORTSCone plans to speak with Slaughter, agentGoldberg then made his long awaited return to Raw the following week in Denver, saying, “Brock Lesnar just won’t be next. Brock Lesnar: you’re last!”The two last fought back in WrestleMania XX in 2004, where Goldberg beat Lesnar with Stone Cold Steve Austin serving as the special guest referee. Goldberg returns to answer the challenge of Brock Lesnar. Photo by WWE.comAfter 12 long years, two of professional wrestling’s biggest stars clash once again inside the squared circle.Goldberg and Brock Lesnar renew their rivalry as they face off anew at Survivor Series on November 20 in Toronto, Canada.ADVERTISEMENT 30 Filipinos from Wuhan quarantined in Capas Ginebra teammates show love for Slaughter Ricky Vargas disqualified from POC presidential racecenter_img Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol town BREAKING: Solicitor General asks SC to forfeit ABS CBN’s franchise MOST READ Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan PLAY LIST 01:31Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan01:33WHO: ‘Global stocks of masks and respirators are now insufficient’01:01WHO: now 31,211 virus cases in China 102:02Vitamin C prevents but doesn’t cure diseases like coronavirus—medic03:07’HINDI PANG-SPORTS LANG!’03:03SILIP SA INTEL FUND Brad Pitt wins his first acting Oscar as awards get underway Mainland China virus cases exceed 40,000; deaths rise to 908 We are young Smart hosts first 5G-powered esports exhibition match in PH View commentslast_img read more

The fallacy of replacing septic tanks with water treatment plants

first_imgDear Editor,An article which appeared in the news media recently reported on the deliberations of the Wastewater Conference held at the head office of the Guyana Water Incorporated (GWI). At that meeting, junior Minister of Communities, Dawn Hastings-Williams, stated that future housing schemes in Guyana would have centrally installed water treatment plants, instead of septic tanks for individual premises. The objective for this proposed upgrade, as claimed, is to address the growing threat of water pollution.Dr. Van West Charles, GWI’s Managing Director, in his presentation to the Conference, was non-committal with respect to the introduction of central treatment of wastewater from homes, as opposed to septic tanks, as is presently the widespread practice in Guyana. He correctly noted that many of the installed septic tanks are not performing as intended because of poor design and construction, and stated that his staff was preparing designs for efficiently-operated septic tanks; and where possible, their replacement with the best water treatment plant option available will be examined.Unfortunately, he failed to recognise that soak-away pits are necessary accessories for the efficient operation of septic tanks, and that there is urgent need for countrywide regulatory oversight of septic tanks’ system design and construction.Water/sewage treatment plants are expensive to construct, operate and maintain, and Guyana does not have the resources to introduce this system for waste disposal from its populated areas anytime soon. Because of the lack of finance, Georgetown does not have a central treatment plant, and its wastewater is pumped directly into the Atlantic Ocean. Therefore, well-designed septic tanks with soak away pits will have to be the modus operandi to treat wastewater/sewage from human activities in Guyana for the foreseeable future. Where applicable, industries generating toxic wastes should install in-house treatment facilities in accordance with WHO Standards.It is worth noting that many homes in the United States and elsewhere still rely on septic tank systems for their wastewater treatment. Contrary to the claim made by GWI Sanitation Manager Joseph, wastewater sludge generated by any proposed Guyanese treatment facility will be uneconomic for conversion into fertiliser for the agricultural sector and/or to harness its chemical energy to generate electricity for the National Grid. New York City pays to dump its wastewater sludge onto landfills and in the Atlantic Ocean, as there are no markets available for it as a fertiliser for agricultural crops, or to harness its chemical energy to generate electricity.Ms Hasting-Williams and Dr Van West Charles no doubt have ambitious ideas to deal with the treatment of wastewater before it becomes a major health issue. However, they have failed to comprehend that contaminated drinking water poses a far greater danger to the health of all Guyanese.Therefore, they should direct their energies and limited Government resources at their disposal to provide safe and reliable drinking (potable) water for all the people. This is not the case presently, as much of the water produced is distributed untreated and unfiltered.Yours truly,Charles Sohanlast_img read more

Spain, Germany, Portugal get wake-up calls

first_img0Shares0000PARIS, France, October 17 – World champions Spain and fellow European heavyweights Germany were hit late in time added on to end up with just a point apiece in their respective 2014 World Cup home qualifiers.Spain were pegged back by a goal four minutes into injury-time by Olivier Giroud as France erased memories of their limp performance in their Euro 2012 quarter-final defeat by the Spanish to force a 1-1 draw in Madrid on Tuesday. Whilst Spain extended their unbeaten run in competitive matches to 25, they will rue the missed penalty by Cesc Fabregas on the stroke of half-time which would have put them 2-0 up.However, if there is much contemplation to be done it will be by the Germans who somehow let slip a 4-0 lead over the Swedes to be rocked with four goals by their opponents in the final half hour, Rasmus Elm scoring the dramatic equaliser in the third minute of time added on.There was to be no special celebration for Cristiano Ronaldo on his 100th appearance for Portugal as they had to rely on a 79th minute equaliser by Helder Postiga to force a 1-1 draw at home against 117th ranked Northern Ireland.Ronaldo who had started the night with a broad grin as he was presented with a special cap exited the pitch in pouring rain with a furious look on his face.Pouring rain also featured in Warsaw, indeed it was the only action the sodden spectators saw as the authorities defied the elements and lost out badly by not closing the roof as the Italian referee had to call off the match between Poland and England.It is scheduled to be played at 1500 GMT on Wednesday.Elsewhere 2010 World Cup finalists Holland showed that any hangover from their first round exit at Euro 2012 is firmly over as they beat Romania 4-1 away to make it four wins from four games.Euro 2012 finalists Italy also strolled to victory, 3-1 at home to Denmark while Holland’s neighbours Belgium top their group on goal difference over Croatia after a 2-0 win over crisis-hit Scotland.Scottish boss Craig Levein’s position looks to be increasingly untenable while his Welsh counterpart Chris Coleman too can’t be feeling too secure.Italian veteran Giovanni Trapattoni may well survive for a bit longer as his Republic of Ireland team shook off some of the shock of their 6-1 hammering at home to Germany last Friday with a 4-1 away win over the Faroes.Spain coach Vicente del Bosque meanwhile was pragmatic about the result and his side’s chances of qualifying automatically in first spot – they top the group ahead of France on goal difference.“We controlled the game in the first-half but lacked a bit in the final third. We then seemed to tire and let them back in later on,” said del Bosque.“We have five matches left, our return game in France will be important but we can’t forget the other sides.”His France counterpart Didier Deschamps – who stepped into the vacuum left by Laurent Blanc after he left following Euro 2012 – believed his side had been unlucky not to come away with the points.“I have always believed in the quality of my side and our ability to achieve the objective of getting to the finals in Brazil,” he said.While they were both relatively happy with a point, Swedish handler Erik Hamren was ecstatic at the unlikely point his side had garnered.“To come to Germany and get a point against one of the best teams in the world is incredible.“It is something historical, I am very proud of my team and the way they reacted.”Germany remain top of Group C on ten points with Sweden second in the table on seven, but with a game in hand.German coach Joachim Loew had gone from a calm presence on the bench to striding increasingly alarmed round the touchline.“To sum things up, the first 60 minutes were brilliant from us, the last 30 were incredibly weak,” said Loew.“It’s deathly quiet in the changing room: players are laid out on the benches and are totally speechless.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Allardyce takes charge at Crystal Palace

first_img“We are delighted to be able to make an appointment so quickly and fortunate that someone of Sam’s calibre and experience was available,” Eagles chairman Steve Parish said, a day after sacking Alan Pardew.After agreeing a two-and-a-half-year contract, Allardyce will have his first game in charge on Monday with an English Premier League match at Watford.He was set to take his first training session on Saturday and has the opportunity to remodel the squad once the January transfer window opens.“I hope I can bring some joy, particularly over Christmas and New Year, and over the long term between now and the end of the season,” he said.“The club seems to be very ambitious, certainly the chairman and the owners seem to be taking the club forward in the right direction.“I like the look of the squad and that’s the probably the reason that I’m here, because I feel that the club can go forward from here and hopefully I can help it go forward.“With my experience, I think I can us get a few more results on the board.”Pardew was sacked on Thursday following a miserable run of results, with the Eagles winning just four of their 17 league matches this season and only one of their last 11.Palace are 17th in the Premier League, one point above the relegation zone and three points off the foot of the table.Allardyce has been out of the game since being ditched by England after just 67 days in charge following ill-advised remarks to undercover journalists.Allardyce gave advice on how to circumnavigate transfer rules, criticised the FA’s decision to rebuild Wembley and mocked his England predecessor Roy Hodgson while being secretly filmed by reporters from The Daily Telegraph posing as East Asian businessmen.Though he has never won a major trophy, Allardyce, 62, has proved adept at keeping smaller sides in the Premier League.“Big Sam” has integrated sports science and technology into his training techniques and made his teams difficult to beat, often proving a thorn in the side of the top flight’s more glamorous clubs.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Former England manager Sam Allardyce was sacked in late September after just one match in charge of the national team following ill-advised remarks to undercover reporters © AFP/File / PAUL ELLISLONDON, United Kingdom, Dec 23 – Premier League strugglers Crystal Palace appointed Sam Allardyce as their new boss on Friday in a swift return to the dugout for the former England manager.The former Bolton and West Ham manager’s one-match reign in charge of the national side ended in September following a newspaper sting.last_img read more

Seven candidates in total running for City Council in September by-election

first_imgFORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Nominations have now closed for the by-election that is scheduled to take place in September in Fort St. John.The following individuals will be running:Cindy DettlingChristopher FluryBecky GrimsrudLilia HansenEdwina NearhoodRandy VincentBarry WilkinsonGeneral voting day will be on September 9 from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. at the Pomeroy Sports Centre.- Advertisement -Becky Grimsrud was the first to file her nomination papers on July 25. Fort St. John & District Chamber of Commerce Executive Director Lila Hansen was the second to put her name forward on July 27. Cindy Dettling filed on August 2 while Christopher Flury and Edwina Nearhood filed on August 3.Randy Vincent and Barry Wilkinson filed on Friday.The seat currently open was vacated by Peace River North MLA Dan Davies.Advertisementlast_img read more

Seasickness patch tested as fix for bipolar disorder

first_imgThey “certainly reduce symptoms but don’t do a good enough job,” said Dr. Husseini Manji of the National Institute of Mental Health. “Many patients are helped, but they’re not well.” Nobody knows yet whether the latest crop of possible treatments will pan out. Besides the motion sickness patch, unusual choices include a drug that treats Lou Gehrig’s disease and a device that produces an electric field around the brain. Even the breast cancer drug tamoxifen has been tested. Some of these approaches were identified by logic, and others by pure chance. Scientists already have early evidence that someday they may prove useful against bipolar. The disorder’s classic feature is episodes of mania, which are periods of boosted energy and restlessness that can run for a week or more. “You have so much energy, you have so many great ideas,” said Tamara, 26, a Pittsburgh resident who was diagnosed several years ago. She asked that her last name not be used. NEW YORK – Scientists are testing seasickness patches and other surprising options in a challenging search for new ways to treat the crushing depression and uncontrolled mania of bipolar disorder. Also called manic-depression, it’s an illness that can rip careers and marriages apart and drive people to suicide. And it’s so complex and mysterious that researchers haven’t developed a medication specifically for it since lithium, more than half a century ago. Yet bipolar appears in various forms and severity in about 1 in every 25 American adults at some point in their lives, according to a major study published in May. Current medicines help but often fall short. “You feel like you’re thinking so clear, you’ve got the answer for everybody. You need to tell them, you need to phone all your friends. … It’s so hard to sleep. You keep thinking of all sorts of things.” But mania can also bring extreme irritability. Tamara’s energetic charisma made her the life of the party, but “if somebody spilled a drink on me, I would just explode,” she recalled. “It’s like all your emotions are just completely intensified.” She got into fights and experienced road rage. She made bad decisions, plagiarizing a college paper and behaving promiscuously. “A lot of things sound like a good idea when you’re manic,” she said, “and they’re really not.” During manic episodes, many people even get hallucinations or delusions, and Tamara experienced those too. “I was convinced I could hear other people’s thoughts, or at least know what they were,” she recalled. “I thought everybody was saying bad things about me.” The other side of the bipolar coin is episodes of depression that last a week or more. For Tamara, depression was life turning gray. “Nothing is interesting. You’re bored with everything. … Nothing sounds fun anymore. All you want to do is sleep. I slept days and days away.” In her senior year of college, thoughts of suicide frightened her into seeking help. Doctors currently treat bipolar with a variety of drugs including lithium, anticonvulsant medications that can stabilize mood, and antipsychotics. Psychological therapy and patient education greatly boost the effectiveness of the drugs. Tamara takes lithium and another drug, and says, “I’m doing fine right now.” She’s lucky. Bipolar disorder is hard to treat chiefly because the depressive episodes are more severe and more resistant to therapy than ordinary “unipolar” depression, notes Dr. Andrea Fagiolini, an associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh. What’s more, many patients can’t tolerate current bipolar medications because of side effects such as weight gain, sleepiness, tremor, and the sense of feeling “drugged,” Fagiolini said. (Some patients also stop taking their medicine because they miss the “highs” of the disease, he noted). A study of treated patients published last year found that about 60 percent got well for at least eight weeks, but only half of that group remained well when followed for up to two years. And this was with very good therapy, noted Dr. Andrew Nierenberg, professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “That means there’s a lot of room for improvement,” Nierenberg said. “That’s why we need new treatments.” But there’s a basic problem. Just as heart attacks come from chronic heart disease, the manic and depressive episodes come from an underlying chronic brain disease. And “we just don’t really understand what’s behind the illness,” said Dr. Gary Sachs, who directs bipolar research at Harvard’s Massachusetts General Hospital. That mystery and the complexity of the disorder have discouraged scientists from trying to develop drugs for bipolar, Manji said. Not since lithium, developed more than 50 years ago, have they developed a drug specifically for bipolar, Manji said. Like lithium, some of the latest crop of early candidate drugs revealed their potential simply by chance. Take the experience of NIMH researchers Maura Furey and Dr. Wayne Drevets with the drug scopolamine, which is normally used to keep people from getting seasick or carsick. Several years ago, they were studying whether scopolamine could improve memory and attention in depressed people. So they gave the drug intravenously to depressed patients, trying to find the right dose for a brain-imaging study. But then they noticed an odd thing. These patients started feeling less depressed the night after the injections, a remarkable thing since most antidepressants take weeks to kick in. “Some patients would say it was the best night of sleep they’d had in many years, and the next morning they woke up feeling a substantial lifting of their depression,” Drevets said. “In many cases, that improvement persisted for weeks or even months.” Drevets and Furey quickly changed their research focus to test the drug’s effect on depression itself. And in October 2006, they published an encouraging, though preliminary, result with a small group of depressed patients, some of whom had bipolar. Now, Furey is leading a study using scopolamine skin patches – like those travelers wear to prevent motion sickness – to treat depression in bipolar disorder as well as ordinary depression. For now, people shouldn’t try patch treatment for depression on their own, she said. A similar bit of serendipity showed up at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Mass., in 2001. Depressed bipolar patients who were getting their brains scanned for a study of brain chemistry suddenly felt a lot better. Alerted by a research assistant, scientists started taking a closer look. And in 2004, they published their conclusion that the electric fields produced by the brain scans might lift depression. It’s still not clear how. Follow-up studies have had inconsistent results. But researchers have now built a device that resembles a hair-salon dryer to produce electric fields. They plan to start testing it this fall. Apart from luck, researchers have taken advantage of the few insights they have into bipolar disease to develop potential treatments. That’s the story with riluzole, now used to treat the paralyzing disorder Lou Gehrig’s disease, also known as ALS or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Scientists found that a drug that’s effective against depression in bipolar disorder boosts the abundance of a certain protein in rat brain cells, and that riluzole does too. So the researchers tried riluzole in a small number of depressed bipolar patients, and in some patients the symptoms virtually disappeared, Manji said. So riluzole, which is distributed by Sanofi-Aventis, might become a treatment for bipolar disorder, he said. Similar research used an off-the-shelf drug to get a lead for developing a new medication. Studies in rats showed that lithium and another anti-mania drug hamper the effect of a particular enzyme in the brain. That suggested that other drugs that hamper that enzyme might work against mania too, Manji said. The best available candidate: tamoxifen, used to fight breast cancer. And sure enough, Manji’s recent study in a small group of bipolar patients found that tamoxifen quickly quelled mania. Other studies have found similar results, he said. That shows the value of blocking the enzyme, and now Manji is trying to develop other drugs that will do that, perhaps for use in emergency rooms. He wants to avoid tamoxifen itself because of concern about long-term side effects, since his work requires a higher dose than women use to stave off breast cancer for years. Scientists say the real key to unlocking the mysteries of bipolar disorder – and thereby exposing targets for drugs – lies in a new generation of research into DNA. In recent months, scientific journals have begun to publish the early results of a revolution in DNA analysis: the ability to scan entire genomes in detail to find genetic variants that predispose people to particular diseases. Some of the new work is implicating dozens of variants in bipolar disorder. Such work can expose the hidden biological underpinnings of disease, and so tip off researchers to unsuspected targets for intervening. “We’ve been stumbling in the dark for most of our history” of bipolar research, said gene expert Dr. Francis McMahon of NIMH. But “these kinds of studies … will really give us the chance to reason from biological insights back to the patient.” Sachs, of Harvard, agreed: “I think these whole-genome scans will in fact be the important bridge to better treatments.” And not just in some far-distant future. The new gene studies, Sachs said, help give “a great potential to advance the field in our lifetimes and treat people who are living now.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Running of bulls kicks off festival

first_imgPAMPLONA, Spain – Thousands of alcohol-soaked revelers pressed into the small plaza outside Pamplona’s municipal office on Thursday to celebrate the start of Spain’s most famous festival: San Fermin – the running of the bulls. The festivities began at noon with a drum roll, the firing of a rocket above the crowd and a call in both Spanish and the Basque language from town councilor Javier Eskubi: “Long live the party of San Fermin!” Thursday’s official sanction kicks off nine days of drinking, drinking, and more drinking. Oh, and a daily dash down the cobblestone streets ahead of the lethal horns of six three-quarter-ton bulls. The first of eight bull runs begin this morning, but the party started Thursday with the traditional “chupinazo.” A “chupin” is a small rocket. The festival became famous when it was immortalized in Ernest Hemingway’s 1926 novel “The Sun Also Rises.” A bronze bust of the writer stands proudly outside the bullring where the bull runs end, and Hemingway T-shirts and other knickknacks can be purchased on nearly every street corner. Pamplona’s population of about 250,000 is expected to rise to more than 1.5 million this week, but not everyone in the city looks forward to the San Fermin festival. Many locals choose to leave town, taking advantage of special offers by travel agents to escape the madness of the bull runs. Countless shops choose to close, boarding up windows to protect merchandise from the partygoers. Animal rights activists also make an appearance every year to protest the runs, and bullfighting in general. Several hundred activists ran the length of the famous bull run topless or nearly nude on Wednesday to highlight what they see as cruel treatment of animals. Others who are not so keen on bullfighting say they still find it hard to stay away from the party. “I just came to drink,” said Sara Alonso, a 20-year-old from the northern Spanish city of Santander. “But I don’t like it when they kill the bulls.” While the runs and subsequent bullfights are nearly always fatal for the bulls, they can also be dangerous for the runners. Since record-keeping began in 1924, 13 people have been killed during the runs. The last was a 22-year-old American, Matthew Peter Tassio, who was gored to death in 1995. Many more people are injured, though officials say the runs have gotten safer as more people have heeded advice on ways not to get hurt. One official piece of advice – if you fall in front of a bull, don’t lift your head or you might get it knocked off.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2Revelers wearing white shirts and trousers, held up their red kerchiefs and shouted: “Long Live!” as champagne bottles popped and onlookers dumped buckets of water on the crowd from surrounding balconies. It’s impossible to escape the bash without a thorough drenching of beer, sangria, water and eggs, but nobody seems to mind. For nine days each year, this northern town is converted into a 24-hour party town, its ancient streets packed with young and old partygoers from Spain, Europe, the United States and virtually every other corner of the world. Many cavort into the early hours, then go straight from the bars to the famous 900-yard route where the bull runs take place every morning at 8 a.m. The San Fermin festival dates back to the late 16th century, though its roots reach back further, to the era when Spain was first Christianized. last_img read more