“That other team was trippin’ tonight, just disrespectful, unprofessional, players and coaches,” Harden said. “I don’t know what was their problem, but I think that got us going. They wanted to throw a little cheap shot and just woke us up a little bit and it was over from there.”Bogut was equally frustrated in his return after missing 11 games with a right knee injury. The call came in the second quarter, near the end of a 16-0 Houston run that broke a 37-all tie. Harden doubled over after running head-first into the 7-foot, 260-pound Bogut’s shoulder.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra teammates show love for SlaughterSPORTSWe are youngSPORTSFreddie Roach: Manny Pacquiao is my Muhammad Ali“If you watch the replay, yeah, he made no effort to run around my screen,” said Bogut, who had a couple of sharp verbal exchanges with Harden. “Yeah, it was a hard screen and I set hard screens. But to get a flagrant for it is kind of head-scratching.“You admire the effort the league’s putting in in Secaucus (New Jersey) with that beautiful facility where they watch replays and watch TV and have leather chairs and all that kind of stuff. But you scratch your head at a lot of these things and it becomes very, very frustrating.” Houston Rockets guard James Harden (13) had the ball pushed away by Dallas Mavericks defender Dirk Nowitzki (41) on the drive to the basket during the first half of an NBA basketball game in Dallas, Tuesday, Dec. 27, 2016. APDALLAS — James Harden was called for one of the eight technicals in a game that turned tense when Dallas center Andrew Bogut received a flagrant foul on a hard screen that staggered Houston’s star guard.Despite 34 points and an easy 123-107 victory that completed a four-game season sweep of the last-place Mavericks on Tuesday night, Harden wasn’t happy.ADVERTISEMENT Shanghai officials reveal novel coronavirus transmission modes View comments EDITORS’ PICK Kevin Durant calls for NBA to toss Last Two Minute Report Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan PLAY LIST 01:31Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan01:33WHO: ‘Global stocks of masks and respirators are now insufficient’01:01WHO: now 31,211 virus cases in China 102:02Vitamin C prevents but doesn’t cure diseases like coronavirus—medic03:07’HINDI PANG-SPORTS LANG!’03:03SILIP SA INTEL FUND Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol town Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol town The Mavericks had their projected starting five for just the fourth time, and first since a 128-90 loss at Cleveland on Nov. 25. The lineup is winless. Bogut and Nowitzki, in his third game back from his latest absence for a sore right Achilles tendon, stayed in the locker room at halftime. Bogut went scoreless with six rebounds in 10 minutes, and Nowitzki scored seven points.UP NEXTRockets: Start a four-game homestand against the Clippers on Friday. It matches their longest of the season.Mavericks: After a night off, Dallas continues stretch of four games in five nights with back-to-back at Lakers (Thursday) and Golden State (Friday).Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next We are young Smart hosts first 5G-powered esports exhibition match in PH As fate of VFA hangs, PH and US forces take to the skies for exercise Smart’s Siklab Saya: A multi-city approach to esports Where did they go? Millions left Wuhan before quarantine PH among economies most vulnerable to virus Harrison Barnes scored 21 for the last-place Mavericks, who lost their second straight following their first two-game winning streak of the season.There were also two flagrant fouls, both against Dallas.Most of the technicals came during dead-ball situations, with players and Dallas coach Rick Carlisle complaining to officials. Carlisle mockingly clapped at the refs, saying “good call,” after he was whistled for one.“They tried to defend by being real physical and thinking that’s the way to do it,” Houston coach Mike D’Antoni said. “I don’t really want to get into it just because it doesn’t serve any purpose. We needed the win. We came out and we took care of business.”TIP-INSRockets: G Patrick Beverley sat out with a left quadriceps contusion. It’s not expected to be a long-term injury. … Sam Dekker had a game-high 11 rebounds. … The Rockets are 7-0 on the second night of back-to-backs this season.Mavericks: G Pierre Jackson was signed off the Mavericks’ NBA Development League team, and G Jonathan Gibson was waived. Jackson, a former Baylor guard who was drafted in 2013, made his NBA debut in the fourth quarter and scored seven points. … Matthews had 19 points.BESIDES THE TECHSThere were a couple of face-to-face confrontations, the first ending in double technicals in the second quarter for Dallas’ Justin Anderson and Nene. Later in the quarter, Houston’s Ryan Anderson went nose-to-nose with Dallas star Dirk Nowitzki without a technical being called.RARE GATHERING MOST READ Senators to proceed with review of VFA Trevor Ariza was ejected after his second technical during the break after the third quarter, when five technicals were called. After the game, he was waiting outside the Dallas locker room for Mavericks center Salah Mejri.Security had to make sure the pair didn’t interact after an exchange during the game that led to Ariza’s first technical. Houston was called for five and Dallas three.“It wasn’t even basketball,” Dallas guard Wesley Matthews said. “Tempers, two in-state teams, we play each other four times, we’ve had battles in the past, so it is what it is. But we’ve got to be better than that. That was an opportunity for us to channel it into basketball and we didn’t do that.”Harden had 24 points at halftime and finished with 11 assists without playing in the fourth quarter. The Rockets improved to 13-2 in December.With two games left in the month, Houston can tie the franchise record of 15 wins from November 1996.ADVERTISEMENT
Agriculture, Animals, Archeology, Biodiversity, Birds, carbon, Cats, Cattle, Cattle Pasture, Cattle Ranching, Climate Change, Conservation, Deforestation, Ecology, Endangered Species, Environment, Environmental Law, Forests, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Indigenous Peoples, Jaguars, Mammals, Parks, Rainforest People, Rainforests, Ranching, Saving Rainforests, Tropical Forests, United Nations, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking Article published by John Cannon Honduras has pledged to remove livestock from the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site that’s home to jaguars, tapirs and macaws.The reserve is found in the Moskitia region’s rainforests, around 30 percent of which have been cleared in the past 15 years, largely due to cattle and livestock ranching.Conservation groups hailed the move as one that would benefit both Honduras and the world because of the region’s biodiversity and carbon stocks. Honduras has committed to protecting part of the tropical rainforests found in the Moskitia region, a move that conservation groups say will protect the region’s rich wildlife, carbon stocks and indigenous groups from recent incursions by ranchers.“The Moskitia is Central America’s second largest rainforest, one of the last wild places in the region, and contains expansive areas of primary forest,” Chris Jordan, who heads the Central America and Tropical Andes program for the NGO Global Wildlife Conservation, said in a statement. “Putting a stop to deforestation in the Moskitia will change the course of history for Honduras.”A river flowing through the Moskitia region. Image by John Polisar/WCS.President Juan Orlando Hernández announced the program “SOS Honduras” on Nov. 8, aimed at ridding the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve in the Moskitia of cattle and livestock ranching. The U.S.-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) says illegal ranching has caused 90 percent of the deforestation in the 21,000-square-kilometer (8,100-square-mile) Moskitia. Also beset with wildlife trafficking and the looting of its archaeological sites, the Moskitia has lost 30 percent of its forests in the past 15 years, WCS’s research shows.“As a state, we have taken actions to protect Río Plátano, but the problem is so serious and delicate that it is necessary to redouble efforts to guarantee that it remains one of the most important protected areas of Honduras and at the same time a UNESCO World Heritage site,” the Institute of Forest Conservation, a government agency, said according to the statement.Cattle ranching has caused much of the deforestation in the Moskitia region. Image by Jeremy Radachowsky/WCS.Jaguars (Panthera onca), giant anteaters (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) and the endangered Baird’s tapir (Tapirus bairdii) inhabit the region, along with scarlet macaws (Ara macao), Honduras’s national bird. Moskitia is also home to the Miskito, Pech, Tawahka and Garífuna indigenous groups. Recently, scientists have been studying a site in Moskitia that some believe may be La Ciudad Blanca, or the White City, an ancient population center that seems to have been lost to the rainforest some 600 years ago.“Rainforests like the Moskitia contain billions of years of biological knowledge of which we only understand a small amount,” Steve Elkins, a filmmaker who led an expedition to find the White City in 2012, said in the statement. “It is like a giant book of which we can only read the first few pages.”Scarlet macaws, residents of the Moskitia region and Honduras’s national bird. Image by Julie Larsen Maher.But the implications of its protection could extend to all of us because of its importance as a repository for biodiversity and carbon, according to Jeremy Radachowsky, who directs WCS’s Mesoamerica and Western Caribbean programs.“President Hernández’s announcement to rescue the Moskitia forest is groundbreaking,” Radachowsky said. “However, we now all have to come together to support the Honduran government in this noble effort for the benefit of Honduras and the world.”Banner image of a jaguar by Julie Larsen Maher.CITATIONGarcìa, M., Jordan, C., O’Farril, G., Poot, C., Meyer, N., Estrada, N., Leonardo, R., Naranjo, E., Simons, Á., Herrera, A., Urgilés, C., Schank, C., Boshoff, L. & Ruiz-Galeano, M. 2016. Tapirus bairdii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T21471A45173340.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Dear Editor,Several concerned and frustrated prominent Guyanese businessmen, operating locally, have approached me to ventilate their concerns. They are calling on President David Granger to “sit up, take notice and get some action” regarding his avowed intention to “green” the economy and create opportunities for further development of the Guyanese economy. They added that some operatives in Ministries and agencies are not taking the President seriously, but are proving to be stumbling blocks! “We congratulate President Granger on his efforts so far in keeping his word on doing what’s necessary to develop Guyana,” noted a spokesman for the group of influential businessmen.“But there are workers in the Ministries and Government agencies, who are entrenched and have created a system of corruption that’s almost infallible.”Their impassioned plea to the Government comes in the wake of repeated attempts to get responses for applications to expand businesses by acquiring land; requests to Ministries and agencies for meetings with their principals which are not being granted; and general denial of the same benefits and overtures that are being given to foreign businessmen, but which are not being extended to local businessmen.“We live here in Guyana and operate our businesses here, yet still we’re not being offered the same goodies that are being given to foreign business people. Government officials go out of their way to woo the foreigners and we’re right here with our investment capital and nobody is really giving us the time of day,” stated a visibly upset businessman who has major investments and extensive business operations, including real estate development.The group of patriotic businessmen declared their intention of not wanting to leave Guyana, unless extreme and dire circumstances force them to flee their homeland, as they indicated their appreciation of the moves President Granger has been making to “green the economy”.“The economy is still sluggish and in some cases losing ground. We can help… we need to be a part of our country’s development. There has to be no favouritism by the Government in dealing with local and foreign businessmen. Applications for business initiatives by local businessmen get the royal run-around. We don’t even get an acknowledgement from them when we send in our applications. No favours being asked… and no favours being granted.The previous Administration used to help its special friends… even helping them with upfront financing to build capacity. We don’t want that… we just want a level playing field, because Mr Granger says he’s a President for all Guyanese.Even though the economy drop, we local businessmen still willing to invest, but we’re not being supported by the relevant Ministries and agencies. The Ministers not replying or are simply ‘looking into it’. We need instant action. Foreigners being wooed, welcomed and given prime time… with the Government even bending over backwards to attract them to Guyana.Some Ministers are acting power drunk… and we see President Granger as the only straight-forward man who can give the green light for certain developments to go ahead,” stated the spokesman for the group of worried businessmen.“So, we’re calling on him to help us. But take it or leave it… if we don’t get any response from the President regarding our needs and support for our involvement in our country’s economic development, we gone!” declared the group of local businessmen.Yours truly,Ras Leon Saul
Dear Editor,‘Raksha Bandhan’, or ‘Rakhi’, is a special occasion to celebrate the emotional bonding of a sister tying a holy thread round her brother’s wrist. ‘Raksha Bandhan’ means ‘a bond of protection’, and it signifies that the strong must protect the weak from all evil.This ritual is observed on the full-moon day of the Hindu month of Shravan, when sisters tie the Rakhi on their brothers’ wrists, and pray for their long life. This ritual sometimes involves an aarti, where a tray with lighted lamp or candle is ritually rotated around the brother’s face, along with the prayer and well wishes.Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu festival that celebrates the love and bonding between brothers and sisters.Raksha Bandhan is an ancient festival, and has many stories behind it. Some of the famous stories include where the Rajput queen Rani Karnavati practised the custom of sending rakhi thread to Mugal Emperor Humayun as a token of brotherhood. Another popular one is from the Mahabharata, and it acknowledges the relationship between Lord Krishna and Draupadi.According to the epic, one morning, when Lord Krishna was flying a kite, he cut his finger on the abrasive string. Draupadi, who was nearby, saw him bleeding profusely and ran to him.She then tore a piece from her sari and tied it around his finger. Lord Krishna was so touched that in return he promised to protect her from all evil forever.This symbolises the sister’s love and prayers for her brother’s well-being, and the brother’s lifelong vow to protect her.India, as we know, has a rich cultural heritage; and while there are many festivals observed throughout the year, Raksha Bandhan holds a special place. It is the time when siblings celebrate the special bond of love between them.During this festival, girls — with their friends or families — go out to buy Rakhis for their brothers, new clothes for themselves, sweets for relatives and friends etc; and boys, for their part, also go out to buy gifts for their sisters. Raksha Bandhan is one festival that protects and nurtures the loving relationship between brother and sister. Though the modern-day celebration has brought in various changes in the celebration, the significance of the festival is still the same.The Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore initiated the festival as a community celebration. He asked all the Muslims and Hindus to tie Rakhi, as this would help in maintaining harmony and peace between them. So, from this also, the festival of Raksha Bandhan started.The bonding between a brother and a sister is simply unique, and is beyond description in words. The relationship between siblings is extraordinary, and is given importance in every part of the world. However, when it comes to India, the relationship becomes all the more important, as there is a festival called “Raksha Bandhan” dedicated for the siblings’ love. It is a perfect way of spending time with your siblings. Happy RAKI Day.Sincerely,Pt Surendra Tiwari
Dawson Creek RCMP reported today that two dogs that were taken from one property earlier this month were returned to the property without the owners’ knowledge. There were no apparent ill effects to the dogs.In another case, a dog that had been reported as stolen was located wandering loose in Dawson Creek, and was reunited with the owner by the SPCA.However, Dawson Creek RCMP reported last week that as many as 20 domestic dogs have been reported stolen in and around Dawson Creek. All the dogs are reportedly medium to large-sized breeds with gentle temperaments. Police have yet to release details on a possible motive for the dog-nappings or if they have any suspects in the case, but an investigation is ongoing.- Advertisement -Anyone with information in this regard is urged to contact the local detachment at 250-784-3700 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477).
A round of intensive mediation talks are slated for next week before a federal magistrate judge in San Diego. The diocese has proposed a $95 million settlement. Attorneys representing people who say they were abused are seeking a settlement of about $200 million. In July, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles announced a $660 million agreement with plaintiffs, by far the largest settlement of U.S. sex abuse claims. The judge has repeatedly criticized the diocese in six months of proceedings. In April, she threatened to find Boswell in contempt of court for allegedly violating a ruling against shifting diocese assets to parishes without court approval. Instead, Adler ordered the external audit of diocesan finances after chastising church lawyers for a lack of transparency in court filings. “This is the most Byzantine accounting system I’ve ever seen,” Adler said in April. “I am mystified.” With nearly 1 million Catholics and holdings throughout San Diego County, the diocese is by far the largest and wealthiest of the five U.S. dioceses to have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection under the shadow of civil claims over sexual abuse. The dioceses in Spokane, Portland, and Tucson, Ariz., have already emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The Davenport, Iowa, diocese, which faces claims from more than 150 people, is still in proceedings.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! If the judge dismisses the bankruptcy filing, all cases that had been scheduled for trial will be returned to state court, said plaintiffs’ attorney Andrea Leavitt. “The judge is livid at the misuse of the bankruptcy court,” Leavitt said. Diocese counsel Micheal Webb and bankruptcy attorney Susan Boswell did not immediately return messages left seeking comment. The judge a scheduled a hearing Sept. 6. “(The order) puts enormous pressure on the diocese to come to resolution with us,” said James Stang, lead bankruptcy counsel for the plaintiffs. SAN DIEGO – A federal judge found Friday that the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego misrepresented its finances and ordered it to explain why its bankruptcy case shouldn’t be dismissed. U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Louise DeCarl Adler found the church undervalued real-estate holdings and failed to disclose “material facts” to the court. She named federal statutes that would allow the case to be dismissed on grounds of the diocese’s “gross mismanagement” and “unexcused failure” in its financial reporting. The judge’s six-page order mentioned an independent auditor’s report filed last week, which detailed how individual parishes violated diocese policy and court orders by neglecting to deposit up to $22 million into a diocese account. The auditor also found that a handful of parishes deliberately hid money from the bankruptcy court. The diocese filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection Feb. 27, the night before trial was set to begin in the first of several civil suits filed by people claiming they were sexually abused by priests. More than 140 people have filed claims against the church.
After joining Arsenal over five years ago, Laurent Koscielny finally earned himself his own chant from the Gunners faithful, which was bellowed out during their clash with Leicester City at the weekend. And it seems that Arsenal fans just cannot get enough of the defender.Following the 5-2 victory over the Foxes, some of the club’s supporters have been describing Koscielny as ‘world-class’ and ‘miles ahead’ of any other centre back in the Premier League. Take a look below…Would you describe Koscielny as world class? 1
Henrikh Mkhitaryan is determined to prove his worth at Man United despite being linked with a swift return to his former club Borussia Dortmund.The Armenia international has struggled to break into Jose Mourinho’s first team at Old Trafford and has not started for the club since aggravating a thigh injury in the derby defeat to Man City in September.Mkhitaryan, though, who played the entire 90 minutes of his country’s dramatic 3-2 World Cup qualifying win against Montenegro in Yerevan on Friday, says he will not give up his quest to impress his new boss.In an interview on the Football Federation of Armenia’s official website, Mkhitaryan said: “I know I can succeed at Manchester United, and I want to show everyone that I deserve to be a key player in this team and this league.“Today I don’t have enough playing time, so I have to do my best so the coaching staff give me the chance to play.“There are no disappointments, just challenges. I never give up when I encounter obstacles in my way. I just continue going until I reach my career objectives.”Mourinho has repeatedly stated the £27.3m summer buy needs time to adapt in the Premier League.But despite the apparently difficult relationship between the pair, Mkhitaryan went on to hail his boss’ “fantastic record” as a coach.He added: “Regarding Jose Mourinho, I hope I can learn a lot from him – he is a coach with a fantastic record.“I saw the move to Manchester United as an opportunity to grow as a player and as a person.“It was definitely not the salary that made me join Manchester United, I went for football reasons – for the history of the club, the fans and the coach because he is one of the best in the world.“The EPL is the best league in the world and it gives me something different, a new challenge. I think I can become stronger by playing there.” 1 Henrikh Mkhitaryan arrived at Man United from Borussia Dortmund in the summer
“You can definitely take the positives out of that game,” he said. “It was really disappointing to concede the three goals as early as we did and we know that against a team that’s been unbeaten all season if you give them a three-goal start then it’s going to be a tough task.“But I think after that the response was brilliant. We got the goal back and we could have got another one. “We had a good control of the game, I thought. It was maybe a bit different with Celtic being up 3-0 so they didn’t need to come at us but that doesn’t take anything away from what we did so we take the positives out of that.” “It’s the best feeling you can have, except for having kids and whatever else.“The feeling of winning a trophy in football is brilliant. The celebrations that come with it and all you can remember of it. It’s really good.”Aberdeen go into the final as underdogs against Celtic, having lost the League Cup final to the Glasgow side and finished as runners-up behind them in the league. In their most recent meeting, Celtic raced into a 3-0 lead in the first 11 minutes at Pittodrie but Shinnie said the remainder of the match gave him and his teammates reason to feel confident ahead of their meeting at the national stadium. Aberdeen’s Graeme Shinnie has said if could bottle the feeling of winning the Scottish Cup he would be a multi-millionaire.The midfielder has been told that he will captain the Dons in the final against Celtic at Hampden, two years after he lifted the famous trophy as skipper of Inverness Caledonian Thistle.Reflecting on that victory, he said nothing else in football could compare to lifting silverware“You can’t describe the feeling,” Shinnie said. “If you could bottle it then you would make millions.
South Africa has a respected and world-class science and technology community that, over many decades, has pioneered globally significant and successful new ideas, techniques and technologies.These include the complex techniques to produce fuels and useful chemicals from raw coal, pioneering steel production, the extreme engineering and chemistry required to extract minerals from increasingly miserly reefs of the deepest mines in the world, medical expertise that not only saw the country pioneering the world’s first heart transplant, but makes South Africa-trained doctors in demand – and working – all over the world, and in recent years, a thriving space science industry.The government body responsible for the sector is the Department of Science and Technology (DST). Its budget over the Medium Term Expenditure Framework is R16.6-billion, of which R4.96-billion has been allocated to the 2012/13 financial year.Of this smaller amount, R2.6-billion or 53% is allocated to public entities (Africa Institute of South Africa R33-million, the Academy of Science for South Africa R13-million, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research R737-million, the Human Sciences Research Council R214-million, the National Research Foundation R1.07-million, National Space Agency R95-million and TIA R455 million).Of the remainder R1.94-billion is allocated to the DST-directed projects (implemented by institutions that perform research and development) and R397-million to the running costs of the department.The allocations to DST public entities rise from R2.6-billion to R2.9-billion between 2012/13 and 2014/15 at an annual average growth rate of 5%.Research and developmentSouth Africa’s Research and Development Strategy, launched in 2002, aims to enhance the National System of Innovation, a cluster of interacting public and private organisations focused on nurturing and developing science and technology in South Africa, with the specific aim of accelerating economic growth.A survey released in October 2010 by the Human Sciences Research Council reveals that the gross domestic expenditure on research and development (R&D) was R21-billion, a nominal increase of R2.4-billion from the R18.6-billion recorded for 2007/08. These are the latest available figures.The 2008/09 expenditure represents a 12.9% nominal increase, although it fell a little behind the increase in the nominal GDP of 13.2% over the corresponding period. As a consequence, R&D expenditure, expressed as a percentage of GDP, dropped slightly from 0.93% in 2007/08 to 0.92% in 2008/09.The DST constantly develops strategies to ensure South Africa in new areas of knowledge and technology. Strategies to develop nanotechnology, astronomy indigenous knowledge, and intellectual property, have been developed, derived from publicly funded research.BiotechnologySouth Africa’s National Biotechnology Strategy (NBS) was launched in 2001 to stimulate the growth of a local biotech industry, following similar successful programmes in other developing countries, such as Cuba, Brazil and China.Its initiatives include biotechnology regional innovation centres (Brics), created to act as instruments for the implementation of the NBS. The country’s four Brics are:BioPADCape Biotech TrustLIFElabPlant Biotechnology Innovation Centre (PlantBio)The Brics focus on a number of different biotech disciplines, including human and animal health, biopharmaceuticals, industrial bioprocessing, mining biotechnology, bioinformatics and plant biotechnology.One of the challenges facing the South African biotechnology sector is the public’s suspicion and lack of understanding and knowledge of the technology’s benefits. For this reason the NBS initiated the Public Understanding of Biotechnology programme, which provides South Africans with information to participate meaningfully in debates about biotechnology, and to make informed decisions.NanotechnologySouth Africa’s National Nanotechnology Strategy, launched in April 2006, focuses on the essential building blocks of nanoscience: synthesis, characterisation and fabrication. The strategy aims to increase the number of nanotechnology characterisation centres in South Africa, with an investment of R170-million over three years – R15-million in 2005/06, R30-million in 2006/2007, and R120-million in 2007/2008.Known as “the technology of the very small” – about 1/80 000 of the diameter of a human hair – nanotechnology is made up of a wide range of technologies, techniques and multidisciplinary research efforts for application in a range of cross-cutting industries and activities. These include aerospace, manufacturing and automotive industries; energy conversion, storage and distribution; the hydrogen economy; chemicals; electronics and information processing; as well as biotechnology and medicines.South African industry and researchers have been key players in nanotechnology and the practical application of nanoscience for a number of years. One example is Sasol’s chemical processing by catalysis.The strategy recognises that it is essential for South African scientists to develop their ability to derive more benefits from new generations of nanotechnology-based products emerging in the world today. It aims to position the country as a global player in this emerging discipline, and seeks to strengthen the integrated development focus of the government.The strategy’s main objectives are to:support long-term nanoscience research that will lead to a fundamental understanding of the design, synthesis, characterisation, modelling and fabrication of nanomaterialsupport the creation of new and novel devices for application in various areasdevelop the required HR and supporting infrastructurestimulate new developments in technology missions such, as material for advanced manufacturing, nanobiomaterial for biotechnology, precious metal-based nanoparticles for resource-based industries, and advanced material for information and communications technologiesSpace scienceNational Space AgencyThe National Space Agency (Sansa) was formed in December 2009 by the National Space Agency Act of 2008 (PDF).It’s described as the country’s government body for the promotion and use of space. It also fosters cooperation in space-related activities and research in space science, seeks to advance scientific engineering through human capital, and supports the creation of an environment conducive to the industrial development of space technologies within the framework of the national government.It became operational in April 2011.Sansa’s focus areas are:Earth observationSpace engineeringSpace operationsSpace scienceHuman capital developmentPublic engagementSquare Kilometre ArrayIn mid-2012 South Africa was named one of the two co-hosts of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA0, sharing the project with Australia.The SKA will be the world’s largest radio telescope when complete. The Southern African portion will be centred in the Karoo in an area that is protected by law from developments that could cause radio interference.South Africa will host the greater part – about 70% – of the instrument, while the remainder will be built in Australia.The SKA will have five key research areas:Investigating galaxy evolution, cosmology and dark energyStrong-field tests of gravity using pulsars and black holesInvestigating the origin and evolution of cosmic magnetismThe cradle of life searching for life and planetsProbing the dark ages – the first black holes and stars